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Music Emotion Recognition — The Combined Features

Music emotion recognition (MER) plays an important role in human to machine interaction and digital entertainment. Emotions conveyed by any given music track is a challenging task that has received considerable attention in the music information retrieval. A various efforts have been made towards the music emotion recognition. Among from the regular features used in MER, there is a search for new features for recognising the music emotions. Residual phase feature is an excitation source feature is used in this work can be used to exploit emotion specific information present in the music signal. In this work MER categorizes emotions into five classes: anger, fear, happy, neutral and sad. The features extraction and classification plays an important role in MER, in such a way they represents music well and computation can be carried out efficiently. MFCC is the well known timbre features combined with residual features are used with pattern classification techniques like autoassociative neural network, support vector machine and radial basis function neural network. The performance of the method was measured using equal error rate and recognition rate.

Early Keyboard Instruments in European Museums

Early Keyboard Instruments in European Museums

Wireless Broadband Access Technologies

Wireless broadband technology has seen enormous growth in the last several years because of the demand for high quality multimedia services to mobile users. MC-CDMA is a combination of OFDM with CDMA; where synergistic effects can be obtained, such as enhancement of robustness against frequency selective fading and high scalability in possible data transmission rate. The main trend of this book is to improve MC-CDMA system by reducing PAPR. This book presents new broadband technology (MC-CDMA-FDMA) which depends on the current 4G uplink (SC-FDMA) system. The SC-FDMA system is elaborated with details and equations where the proposed MC-CDMA-FDMA system is shown to have advantages in terms of low bit error rate and low PAPR. Therefore MC-CDMA-FDMA technique can be one of the important topics for researchers who are looking forward for robust and high data rate wireless broadband technology.

Foch Versus Clemenceau – France & German Dismemberment 1918–1919

Foch Versus Clemenceau – France & German Dismemberment 1918–1919

Set Theory for Knowledge Representation

The decision problem in set theory has been intensively investigated in the last decades, and decision procedures or proofs of undecidability have been provided for several quantified and unquantified fragments of set theory. In this book we study the decision problem for three novel quantified fragments of set theory, which allow the explicit manipulation of ordered pairs. We present a decision procedure for each language of this family, and prove that all of these procedures are optimal (in the sense that they run in nondeterministic polynomial-time) when restricted to formulae with quantifier nesting bounded by a constant. The expressive power of languages of this family is then measured in terms of set-theoretical constructs they allow to express. In addition, these languages can be profitably employed in knowledge representation, since they allow to express a large amount description logic constructs.

Сколько столиц было в России. Путешествие из Новгорода в Киев, во Владимир, в Москву и Санкт-Петербург

Дорогой читатель! У тебя в руках книга серии «Открываем историю». Прочитай ее и ты узнаешь: — какой город был первой столицей Древней Руси — как Киев стал русской столицей и почему ее перенесли во Владимир — как князья выбирали города для столицы и многое другое…

Ярославская земля. Природа. История. Экономика. Культура. Достопримечательности. Религиозные центры

В книге в простой и увлекательной форме рассказывается о природных, духовных, рукотворных богатствах Ярославской земли, ее истории, хозяйстве, культуре, людях, главных религиозных центрах Читатель узнает о древних городах: Ярославле, Ростове Великом, Переславле-Залесском, Тутаеве (Романов-Борисоглебск), Рыбинске, Угличе, Мышкине и др. Повествуется о прошлом и настоящем разных населенных пунктов, их экономике, а также о бывших дворянских усадьбах и их обитателях, архитектурно-художественных и культурных ценностях, о памятниках природы. Большое внимание уделено православным центрам — монастырям и храмам с их святынями Рассказывается о знаменитых уроженцах Ярославской земли и других ярких людях, живших и работавших здесь (повествуется почти о 80 личностях). В приложении дается информация о городах Ярославской области, о ярославских князьях, о святынях Ярославской земли, о целевых обращениях к иконам и святым при разных нуждах, болезнях, скорбях, приведены основные социально-экономические показатели развития Ярославской области в сравнении с показателями в целом по России и Центральному федеральному округу. Подчеркивается плодоносная роль Ярославской земли в истории, религиозной жизни, хозяйстве, культуре нашей страны.

The Tailor of Panama

The Tailor of Panama

WIE Urban Geography

WIE Urban Geography

The Abolitionist Legacy – From Reconstruction To The Naacp (Paper)

The Abolitionist Legacy – From Reconstruction To The Naacp (Paper)